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5 Best Jobs For Women Over 40 In 2018

Are you thinking about making a career change? Maybe you never really got a solid career off the ground, or your professional life was derailed by taking time out to raise a family. Maybe you did a lot of job-hopping and it’s hurting your chances to grow in your current position.

Time for a Change

Is it possible to start over? It certainly is, as long as you’re willing to do the work, which usually means going back to school or getting vocational training.

You’ll have to leverage all the job-search tools you can, including networking, volunteering, or going to job fairs and other activities that will put you in touch with hiring managers.

After a certain age, consulting a cover letter and/or resume service site should be the first thing to think about, since you may not know very well what’s going on on the job market.

You need to show that you can do a young woman’s job or that you can do it better, depending on the position you’re considering on applying. iResumeCoverLetter is such a place, where you’re going to find a cover letter and resume examples and tips on getting that particular job you desire.

A Certain Age

There’s no question that age discrimination against women is alive and well in the workplace. In fact, studies have found that this discrimination begins when women reach the advanced age of 35.

That said, there are careers that will embrace your experience and hard-won wisdom.

The Benefits You Bring

  • You’re mature and professional.

Women who are over 40 are used to dealing with stress and craziness while maintaining their poise. Many employers appreciate the level-headed maturity that older workers bring.

  • You probably don’t have small children.

Even in today’s workplace, things are not as family-friendly as we might wish. The U.S. still doesn’t have true maternity leave and employers still give a side-eye to women who need to take days off to tend to their children.

At 40, your children are likely to be older and your employer can feel confident that you won’t miss work because of daycare or babysitter problems.

  • You’re showing an ability to adapt and learn.

Employers value workers who are active, engaged and constantly updating their skills. By embarking on activities that will guide you at a new profession, you prove that you’re adaptable to change and a constant learner.

So what careers can you consider? Here are the top five.

1. Nurse

A surprising number of women go into nursing as a second career. Nursing websites and forum groups are chock-full of discussions from women graduating from nursing programs at the age of 49, 59 and even older.

The popularity of nursing as a second career has become a growing trend, as more professionals look for meaningful work.

What you’ll need: Most nurses train to become registered nurses (RN) which requires a two-year degree. Most RN programs are highly competitive. A background in science coursework will give you an edge. Some nursing schools are now offering accelerated, one-year programs for those transitioning from other careers.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for an RN is $67,490 with the top 10 per cent making more than $100,000. Job growth is expected to stay strong.

2. Teacher

In a 2017 TedX Talk at the London School of Economics, Lucy Kellaway described her decision to end her 31-year career as a financial columnist to become a math teacher, at the age of 58.

While getting an education degree is the usual way to start a career in teaching, it’s no longer a necessity. Most states have alternative certification programs that allow those with college degrees of any kind to become teachers.

The federal government’s Transition to Teaching program helps states recruit and train professionals who want to switch to teaching.

What you’ll need: If you have a degree, you will still have to get your chosen state’s teaching certification. This will involve taking education courses at a community college or university.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for teachers in kindergarten and elementary school is $55,000 a year. For high school teachers, the median salary is $58,000. Teachers generally enjoy union benefits like medical insurance, paid leave, retirement plans and pensions.

3. Virtual Assistant

For those interested in pursuing their own business, becoming a virtual assistant (VA) is a great way to use your work experience. Virtual assistants provide business services to clients who need one-time, ongoing or occasional help.

As a VA, you might provide secretarial services, book travel arrangements, set up conference calls, handle complex project management, administer databases or offer one of these 150+ VA Services. It all depends on what your skills are and what you enjoy doing.

Being a VA allows you to work from home, on your own schedule, with the clients you choose, at the rates you set. For information about setting up your VA business, visit one of the many websites dedicated to this business, run by successful VAs who offer guidance and advice.

What you’ll need: A home office setup and a good internet connection are musts. Experience as an administrative assistant, secretary or another related job will be helpful.

You can compensate lack of background by emphasizing your skills from other jobs in your presentation, as per the below. This approach is even more impressive if you’ve just graduated from a course or went through an internship. 

Salary and outlook: Because you’ll be in business for yourself, your income will be based on your own efforts.

4. IT (Information Technology) Manager

There still aren’t enough women in the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields. Women make up only 24 per cent of the highly-paid STEM workforce.

And that’s unfortunate because women in this line of work out-earn their non-STEM counterparts by 35 per cent. In fact, according to the U.S. Department of Commerce, women with STEM jobs also earned 40 per cent more than men with non-STEM jobs.

You can break into this high-paying, secure field with a B.S. in Computer Science. You’ll also need ongoing training throughout your career, as this is a field that demands to keep pace with fast-moving innovations.

What you’ll need: The entry-level qualification for this is a B.S. in Computer Science, and you’ll need to gain some experience before becoming a manager. You’ll still be making a good salary.

Even entry-level jobs in this field pay from $47,000 a year to more than $60,000, according to recent surveys. If you are already experienced, mention details of your previous work in a cover letter. This might make you valuable compared to other applicants.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for IT managers is $135,800 per year and job growth is projected to be 12 per cent, which is faster than average for most occupations.

5. Occupational Therapy Assistant

If you like a job that keeps you physically active and involved in helping others, consider becoming an occupational therapy assistant (OTA). This job will allow you to enter the well-paid, fast-growing field of occupational therapy with a two-year degree.

OTAs work in hospitals, rehabilitation centres, nursing homes and a variety of other health-related settings. You can choose to work with children, seniors, accident victims or military veterans.

What you’ll need: You must have an associate’s degree from a college accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE). Every state requires OTAs to be licensed, which means doing coursework at a school, passing an exam and completing fieldwork requirements.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for an OTA is $57,000, with top earners making over $75,000. Job growth is expected to be 28 per cent, much faster than the average for all occupations.

Get Started On That Great New Career

If you’re determined to start a new career, don’t let anyone tell you it can’t. Every day, people are going back to school and lighting their own paths to a bright new future. Why not join them?

Age discrimination against women begins when they reach 35.Is it possible to start over? It certainly is, as long as you're willing to do the work, which usually means going back to school or getting vocational training. That said, there are many careers that will embrace your experience and hard-won wisdom. Here are 5 of them. #careers #women #careeradvice

Naaree Interviews Minal Anand, Founder and CEO, GuruQ

Minal Anand is a young enthusiastic millennial entrepreneur and the founder of her first venture, GuruQ, a unique digital integrated platform that connects tutors and students with ease.

As Founder and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) she is the innovator at GuruQ, an ed-tech platform that promises to bring high-quality standards and new age methodologies to the way education is delivered in India.

She completed her degree at Boston University in three years instead of the designated four with a sparkling alacrity to join the professional world where she could apply theories to real-life situations. She returned to India to join Delhi-based HPL Additives as Assistant Manager – Corporate Development.

However, the urge to do something in the field of education drove Minal to explore the Ed-tech sector – one of India’s most prolific segments. She had previously taught several underprivileged school students and it is this very experience that helped her with the business idea.

Minal sees the importance of equipping tutors with the latest teaching methodologies and keeping them updated with international and national innovations. Her quest for doing something innovative made her delve deeper, understand the challenges and create a platform that would revolutionise the education system.

Hence, she conceptualized GuruQ as a single, simplified & cohesive ed-tech platform that provides online and offline tutoring and designed it based on insights drawn from comprehensive consumer research to address the need-gap for quality tutors. caught up with Minal Anand to discuss her startup and the lessons it taught her about entrepreneurship.

Please describe your startup, GuruQ. What does it offer and why is it unique?

Guru Q is an educational technology or Ed-tech company that provides customized learning solutions to students through a structured tutor-connect platform. The company lays a zealous focus on assisting tutors and equipping them with the right tools and processes to recast the focus of the test-prep industry.

The online platform offers tutor connect for primary, secondary, higher secondary, undergraduate and postgraduate courses including Gmat, Jee IIT and other entrance courses.

What sets Guru Q apart is the fact that it provides value-added services that are paybacks for tutors including seminars by reputed personalities, awards and competitions.

With the Indian Edtech market pegged at over $70 billion in 2017, Guru Q’s inimitable services have found several takers thanks to its online platform that comes equipped with a technology tool on the dashboard that is a one-stop solution allowing students to schedule classes, receive assignments and take tests.

It also allows tutors to keep a track record of the student improvements. The payment system is managed by Guru Q eschewing the need for tutors to collect fees from the students.

What inspired you to become an entrepreneur?

During my college education in the USA, I saw a dramatic difference in the education system there, vis-à-vis that in India – its quality, the predominant use of the digital platform and ground-breaking teaching methodologies.

Even back home, I witnessed a huge disparity between students who had studied abroad and those who had not. A big reason for this difference is that the educators in India are not well-equipped or well-versed in innovative teaching methods.

I realized that the need for quality education in India is palpable. Also, since many Indian parents are highly dependent on tutoring, there is a pressing need for the ubiquitous tutors who can guide students.

What are some challenges that you faced initially when you started out?

 The journey so far has been one of exploration and experimentation. This is best exemplified by the fact that just 5 months into operations and we have already begun revamping our entire digital infrastructure including the website and dashboard.

While the challenges have been across various areas such as the processes, technology, design etc. but we have overcome them all keeping only one thing in focus – the ‘Experience’ we are able to provide by integrating the various ingredients of our operations.

It has been only 5 months since its inception and GuruQ has got over 15000 tutor registrations and has certified over 1500 tutors on its platform. We just completed 500 hours of tutoring and the best is yet to come after the launch of the GuruQ Platform 2.0.

Our focus is on Delhi NCR for the 1st year but we intend to eventually cater to all major cities through a phase-wise expansion. But we have begun online tuitions Pan India since the medium transcends all boundaries.

What are all the things that an entrepreneur needs to keep in mind? i.e. apart from your great idea, what do you need to be armed with?

  1. A Good & reliable Team cause nobody can do it alone
  2. Financial backing – unfortunately this is the hard truth of life, to succeed you need some form seed capital and then continuous funding if you wish to grow your business at a rapid pace
  3. Perseverance – without hard work and the utmost dedication nobody can achieve success – there are no shortcuts in life

Did you have a mentor to guide you through your entrepreneurial journey? In your opinion, what does a mentor bring to the table?

No, I didn’t really have a mentor in particular, but I did have people that I idolized and wanted to embody starting with my father and grandfather whose sense of business and drive has always been a huge source of inspiration for me.

Furthermore, prominent female figures like Sheryl Sandberg, Indira Nooyi, Priyanka Chopra who have been trailblazers, influencers and conquered their respective industries have been an embodiment of courage, strength and perseverance proving that hard work & dedication does lead to success

How did you recruit your first team? What advice do you have for building and nurturing teams in your startup?

I recruited my employees through various HR consultancies and firms. Surprisingly in a country with a population of approx. 1.3 billion, finding and forming a team with reliable, responsible and motivated people is probably the toughest part about starting your own venture.

Therefore, my biggest piece of advice will be to not settle for the first few people you meet. It is important to fully pre-vet the people and ensure that your visions align.

Today’s youth is much more exposed and require very high levels of job satisfaction. Therefore it is vital to keep your team motivated though incentives and provide a conducive and engaging work environment.

Please describe some successes and failures you’ve experienced as an entrepreneur.

My successes are closely tied to my failures, and which is what makes me sure that the more failures I encounter the more assured I can be of future successes.

So the first success was due to my failure of choosing the wrong partner due to the lack of technical knowledge. But behind this failure was a lot of learning on what I needed to know to get the right platform developed.

The second success was due to my failure of not prioritizing my expenses. This experience made me money wise and helped me cut down on unnecessary expenses, and treat the necessary expenses as investments that have their own returns.

The third and the most critical success which is yet to come is due to my initial lack of foresight but with time, experience, constant learning and engaging with my peers in the EdTech sector, I have now developed the vision of what direction I should take GuruQ towards.

What are 3 key lessons that you have learned as an entrepreneur?

My first key lesson is that successful organizations are built on ‘people energy’ and successful entrepreneurs need to know how to find the right people for the right task-activity-job.

The second lesson is that entrepreneurs need to develop a balancing act whereby internally they should be like a student – constantly learning and evolving – while externally they should exude the self-confidence of a Maestro – inspiring and motivating everyone around.

And last but not the least, entrepreneurs should have the single-minded focus on how to provide ever-increasing value to their customers. For this, it is essential that they remain in constant touch with their target audiences and develop the empathy to comprehend their ever-changing needs.


Naaree Interviews Minal Anand, Founder and CEO, GuruQ

A Natural Guide To Living Through Menopause

If you are reading this (maybe even experiencing a hot flash as you read), we are sure the very last thing that you need is a definition of what menopause is!

However, if you should be in need of a definition then here goes…. Menopause is defined as a period when a woman stops menstruating due to the decrease in ovarian hormone production that happens naturally as women age.

In the US, the average age of the onset of menopause for women is 51 years and varies between the ages of  40 to 58 years, with an average age being 47.5. The menopausal journey can take a number of years and very often begins with differences in the length of the menstrual cycle.

Menopause isn’t just a single stage or sole symptom either, it is defined by a series of ‘stages’.

The 3-Stages Of Menopause


This is the early stage and the first signs are very likely to be that your periods will no longer be regular, but they will not have totally stopped. This usually occurs around the age of 47.

During this period of time, it is still possible to still get pregnant so some form of birth control is necessary if you do not want to get pregnant. Hot flashes and sleepless nights are very likely to occur during this time.


You are officially in menopause once you have not had a menstrual period for 12 months or longer. Some common symptoms that still exist during this period include hot flashes, night sweats, sleep issues, and difficulty during sex due to vaginal dryness.


This period of time starts when you get to the 12-month mark, without a period. Clinically, you will be considered as postmenopausal for the remainder of your life.

It is essential that you still maintain regular visits to your gynaecologist to have yearly PAP smear tests to ensure you remain healthy. Should unusual or unexpected bleeding occur once your periods have ceased, you should let your doctor know immediately?

Typical Symptoms During The Various Stages Of Menopause


  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Irritability


  • Foggy head
  • Forgetfulness
  • Anxiety and panic attacks


  • Losing interest in sex or pain during intercourse
  • Vaginal dryness and soreness
  • Lower sex drive


  • Hot flashes, night sweats and sweating in general
  • Racing heart
  • Headaches
  • Insomnia & trouble sleeping
  • Thinning hair and hair loss
  • Dry skin

Menopause is an inescapable reality for women as they age. There is nothing you can do to stop this natural bodily function from occurring during the ageing process but, there are definitely things that you can do to help navigate the big challenges that it brings.

Without a doubt, if you think that the menopause has arrived into your life, visit your doctor or gynaecologist as soon as you suspect menopause has started. Depending on how mean the menopause fairy decides to be, and what symptoms you display, your healthcare provider may offer prescription medication.

HRT is a preferred option by many women all over the world. However, with the evidence stacking up against it due to its unwanted side effects (such as increasing the risk of breast cancer and heart disease), many women are choosing to treat menopause symptoms in the most natural way possible to avoid nasty side effects.

Natural Menopause Remedies

Black Cohosh

Several studies have shown that the Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa L.) has shown promising results in treating early menopausal symptoms. This key ingredient has been used in traditional medicine for many years to treat the hot flashes that are so commonly seen in menopause.

This is thought to be due to the effects it has upon the 5-HTP receptors and when combined with other herbs, such as Red Clover, it also improves many of the psychological symptoms. It is important to take a quality supplement so, do your research and make sure if you invest in this helpful herb, to purchase a quality product.

Review sites are a great way to find out what is working for other people and what is out there available on the market. Check out sites like Consumer Advisors that will help you avoid products that are a total waste of money and help you find the top products for great results.

It is suggested that you take around 80 milligrams, once to twice a day. Research suggests that it could in addition help improve sleep quality and duration, and help address any hormonal imbalances that may present before or during the menopause.


Exercising will not reduce your menopause symptoms. What it will do is to help balance stress levels, boost low moods, reduce unwanted weight gain and keep your joints supple and bones strong.


The soy and phytoestrogen contained in tofu have been shown to reduce night sweats and hot flashes. Women in Japan and China are less likely to suffer from hot flashes and menopause symptoms and it is thought that is due to the high levels of tofu they consume.

Soy tofu is eaten in small amounts every day from childhood and is a fundamental part of the Asian diet. If you don’t like the taste (or lack of taste) of tofu, there are many recipes that you can add tofu to so that you won’t even notice it there.


Sage is another natural herb that can help alleviate hot flashes and night sweats. Sage is available as a tea, a herb to add to any dish or you can get it in drops. You can add it to salads if you are able to deal with its slight bitterness.

Flaxseed oil

Flaxseed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids which have been shown to reduce the symptoms of menopause. Flaxseed is high in the essential fatty acid alpha linoleic acid and is plant-based. This is great news for vegetarians and vegans too, as most rich omega-3 sources are fish based.

Omega-3 fats

Omega-3 is one of the good guys when we talk about fats for the body. It is found in a variety of deep-sea fish including fish such as salmon, mackerel, anchovies, and sardines. It contains EPA, DHA and alpha-linolenic fatty acids which are the key elements that provide the benefits. The latter is plant-based and derived from flaxseed as mentioned above. The benefits of omega-3 include:

  • Protect the heart
  • Boost cognitive energy
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Improve joint health
  • Lift depression
  • Improve sleep quality

Omega-3s have also been shown to positively benefit depression after pregnancy, menopause issues, bone problems and osteoporosis after menopause, and many other menopause symptoms in general.

Emotional Support

Don’t think that you are alone in your suffering. There are millions of women going through menopause right now, have been in the past, and will continue in the future. It is important that you speak to other women about it.

First call, your mum or other family members who have been through it and see what tips and advice they can offer. The smallest of advice can make a huge difference.

It may simply be that you start wearing pure linen instead of a man-made fibre or that taking short afternoon naps where possible is really OK and the only way to get through your day.

Menopause – A Take Home Message

When it comes to navigating your way through menopause, there really is no right or wrong way – there is only your way. Each and everyone will experience the menopause journey differently so it would figure that the way to overcome the challenging symptoms will indeed be different.

The great news is that albeit very difficult, there are things that we can do to help. Try one or all of our suggested tips and see what works for you.

Wishing you good health – always!

How Smart Digital Assistants Can Help Women Get Organized

Right from kids to old people, smart virtual assistants are getting more popular every day. An assistant helps get a lot of work done. They are super cool and very helpful, whether you are a student, a housewife or a working woman.

A recent study suggests that both genders find the female voice of smart digital assistants warmer and easier to relate to.

Women are the multitasker in the true sense of the word. Since smart virtual assistants can do a lot of things, from setting an alert to things like ordering food from a restaurant, they can become indispensable to a busy modern woman.

Today the fight to be the best smart assistant is between the top 3 tech giants – Amazon’s Alexa, Google assistant and Apple’s Siri – whose only quest is to be super efficient and be able to ease the tasks of our daily life.

All these 3 assistants are called by name upon which they get an alert and start the process to track down the best response for your unique situation and needs.

The process that goes behind the working of a smart assistant is complex, yet interesting. The very first stage is to understand if the query is a statement or a question.

If it is a question, the next stage is to figure out where the query is sent in small packets to the servers, where the algorithm analyzes the context behind the statement and executes accordingly.

The draw of a smart assistant is that it learns along the way. It keeps getting smarter with each query. Once the query is done, the response comes in the form of a voice response that gives you the information you require.

Women can use smart virtual assistants in a number of ways like setting up a reminder, book a restaurant for dinner, order takeout from your favourite food delivery service, or help you multitask.

You can even ask the smart assistant to order provisions for you if you’re running low on something in the kitchen. Amazon’s Alexa is a wonderful example of that. Since it syncs with your Amazon account, it can directly order something for you from the website.

A smart assistant can also do things like downloading an app or even calling someone. Since women may also need to take care of things like their baby or family, you can just ask your phone to remind you of certain important tasks and it shall get it done.

Check out the infographic below to compare smart digital assistants and find out which one is best for your lifestyle.

Comparing Smart Assistants – Infographic

Infographic by Techiespad

How To Improve Your Mental Health At Work

When people talk about work, they talk of perhaps jobs they have to do from nine-to-five that typically involve something they went to college for. In your case, work might be the place where you get to showcase your training to earn a living, perhaps for yourself or for your family.

Given the different natures of jobs, it’s not uncommon to hear that there are instances where some people don’t necessarily enjoy the jobs they have. Some might have jobs they take because they have to, or some have jobs to do that they don’t necessarily like and they want to pursue something else.

Regardless of the reason why you have your work, it’s important to understand how to improve your mental health at work, as your mental state can help determine your outlook towards your livelihood.

Keep in mind, however, that the tips you read below aren’t necessarily the be-all, end-all solution for your mental health needs.

A therapist and a psychiatrist are still the most qualified to be able to give you a good direction towards where you should improve when it comes to your mental health and outlook at work.

As such, do understand that it’s still better to consult with them as to what you could do to make positive improvements regarding your specific situation.

According to YouGov and Business in the Community, 60-percent of employees actually experience mental health issues in 2016 due to workplace-induced stress and anxiety.

This means maintaining your mental health in the workplace is essential not just to ensure productivity, but to also maintain a good work-life balance. Here are some tips on how to improve your mental health at work:

Get To The Source

Perhaps one of the most important aspects of improving your mental health at work is to get to the root of the problem: what exactly are your “triggers” and how can you deal with them?

When we talk of triggers, these are specific instances that trigger a negative response on your end, especially when it comes to stress, anxiety, and depression.

Knowing what these are and how to deal with them can greatly help ground yourself and find focus in what you’re doing.

  • Try to take time off to reflect on what you feel and what you think about a situation that’s stressing you out in order to get to the root of your problem. What could be contributing to what you’re feeling, and what do you think could you do to avoid these situations?
  • Triggers can take the form of things you don’t normally do, or specific tasks, such as presentations, or getting regular appointments. It can also be the lack of the things mentioned.

Disconnect When Necessary

It’s just as important to focus on yourself just as you are when you’re working. This means you have to be able to manage your time at work and off from work.

If it’s possible to request shifts or having flexible hours, try to do so and get a schedule you are most comfortable. If not, try to assess your current schedule and try to find a workaround in order to still be able to do the things you like.

  • Sometimes, things that stress you out are related to tasks you want to do within a timeframe that has yet to open up. This means studying your current schedule and trying to get opportunities to do these activities appropriately can greatly relieve you of stress.
  • At the same time, it’s just as important to respect your hours off work. If possible, try not to bring your work home and vice versa. Feel free to tell your coworkers if you’re going to be out in certain hours so you can’t be reached. Turn off your smart devices, laptops, and other gadgets that can make you think about work. Try your best to get enough sleep and exercise.

Talking Helps

Sometimes, one of the best solutions to problems about mental health in the workplace is to actually talk about it with someone, be it with a colleague you’re close with, your human resources manager, or your supervisor.

This might be able to help you help them be aware of your situation, and they might be able to find some ways to assist you with the situation.

  • This can allow you to be qualified for programs of the company related to time management, stress management, and even counselling if these programs are available.
  • These might even motivate the company to take more measures regarding mental health concerns of workers.
  • Just talking about it can be a good release as not only does it help you open up to your colleagues, but it can also help cultivate a nature of trust between you and them.

Practice Self-Care

When we say think about yourself, it doesn’t necessarily mean being selfish. However, you should be more mindful of how stress can affect your body, and how a body in duress can worsen stress.

Remember that stress has a variety of physical effects as well, which can be detrimental to your progress at home and at work.

  • This means try to get as much sleep as possible whenever you can rest. If unable, try to at least get opportunities after work to be able to unwind. Physical activity is also a good way to relieve stress, and it can help you be fit.
  • Dealing with personal injuries can also be the reason why you’re stressed from work. Regardless of why and when you’ve incurred those injuries, you should seek medical attention and legal help (if needed) right away. Injuries can worsen by the minute and you don’t want that to interfere with your career.
  • Try your best to maintain a balanced diet, as a healthy mind and body can help you be more focused at work.
  • Taking a mental health day at work is not a bad idea if the stress gets to you too much. Consider speaking to your HR person and making a specific request for this purpose.


Finding ways on how to improve your mental health at work isn’t just a matter of finding ways to love and appreciate your work, but to also find ways to maintain a good work-life balance so you don’t necessarily get burnt out or overwhelmed with changes.

Understanding these methods carefully and trying to apply them to your current work can help a great deal when it comes to improving your outlook towards work in general, and it may even motivate you to be a better performer – not just for a raise or a promotion, but because you end up liking what you do.

Author Bio: Dianna Charles is a promising young law enthusiast that hopes to bring her youthful spirit in her field. She tries to add a refreshingly modern take to topics in the legal world that people can learn from. Dianna enjoys her free time with friends and family and loves to cook for them.

60-percent of employees actually experience mental health issues in 2016 due to workplace-induced stress and anxiety. This means maintaining your mental health in the workplace is essential not just to ensure productivity, but to also maintain a good work-life balance. Here are some tips on how to improve your mental health at work. #mentalhealth #workplace #stress #anxiety

Domestic Violence As A Human Rights Violation

Domestic violence has become rampant in all parts of the globe. Regardless of a person’s income, their way of life or social standing, domestic violence can still happen. And most of the time, the victims of these violent acts are children and women of all ages.

Most of the resources you’ve seen online and in print would tell you that domestic violence is a human rights violation. At the back of your mind, you still couldn’t see the connection between the two.

You know that domestic violence and human rights violations are very sensitive issues today, but you still don’t understand where and how these two subjects are related.

There are a lot of ways in which domestic violence and human rights violations are connected. When contemplating their connection, you don’t have to feel like you’re left in the dark. This article will educate you on how domestic violence is a human rights violation.

What Is Domestic Violence?

As defined by the United States Department of Justice’s Office on Violence Against Women, domestic violence involves a pattern of abusive behaviour in any type of relationship which is used by a partner to gain or maintain control over the other person in the relationship.

In a simpler sense, domestic violence is about compromising the needs of your partner just to satisfy your own. In the definition of domestic violence, different forms of abuse are included:

  1. Physical abuse:

This can include battering, punching, pulling hair, biting, hitting, shoving, burning, pinching, cutting – or just about any type of violent behaviour purposely inflicted on the victim. It’s also considered as physical abuse when someone intentionally denies someone of any medical treatment or forces alcohol or drug use on them.

  1. Sexual abuse:

This happens when an abuser forces their partner into having sexual contact or sexual behaviour without the victim’s consent.

Sexual abuse often takes the form of marital rape, physical abuse which can include forcing sex, sexually demeaning the victim and even telling sexual jokes at the victim’s expense.

  1. Emotional abuse:

This involves deflating or invalidating the victim’s sense of self-esteem and self-worth. This kind of abuse often takes the form of injuring the victim’s relationship with his/her children, name-calling, constant criticism or any act which is aimed to interfere with the victim’s abilities.

  1. Economic abuse:

This happens when the abuser tries or strives to make the victim become financially dependent and reliant on them.

Economic abusers would want total control of the victim’s financial resources, may prohibit the victim from attending school or work and withhold the victim’s access to funds. The abuser is hindering the victim to earn, spend or do anything with his/her finances.

  1. Psychological abuse:

This happens when the abuser invokes fear through intimidation, destruction of the victim’s property, threatening to physically hurt the victims and his/her children and isolating the victim from loved ones. Threatening to injure, hit or use a weapon are also forms of psychological abuse.

  1. Stalking:

This can also be considered as abuse especially because it’s done without the victim’s consent.

It’s considered stalking when the abuser is spying, harassing, watching, showing up at the victim’s school, work or home, collecting information, sending gifts, making phone calls and leaving written messages.

Generally, these acts are considered legal but any of these behaviours when done continuously or at the same time, can indicate an act of stalking.

  1. Cyberstalking:

This refers to online actions or repeated e-mailing that inflicts emotional distress to the victim over time.

There are several ways how a perpetrator can abuse the victim. Some abuse might wear off in weeks’ time, but some can leave permanent damage to the victim. And this damage can change how they think, behave and live their lives.

Why Is Domestic Violence A Human Rights Violation?

If someone would want to be employed even when they’re a single parent, they can. Nobody has the right to tell someone what to do or not to do in their own life.

In the legal context, there are five basic human rights:

  • Article 1 – Right to equality
  • Article 2 – Freedom from discrimination
  • Article 3 – Right to life, liberty, and personal security
  • Article 4 – Freedom from slavery
  • Article 5 – Freedom from torture and degrading treatment

Everyone has the privilege of exercising these rights from the moment they’re born.

But once domestic violence takes over their lives, an individual can no longer exercise these rights.  The abuser prevents the victim from exercising their human rights.

Aside from violating the five most basic human rights, domestic violence also tends to violate the following:

  • A child or a young person’s right to leisure and play
  • Freedom of expression and the right to hold opinions without interference
  • The highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
  • The right to decent work
  • The right to education
  • The right to life

Who Can Be The Victims Of Domestic Violence?

Before, domestic violence was referred to as wife abuse because women were mostly the victims.

As time passed, this term was abandoned when the definition of domestic violence was changed because wives are not the only people who can fall victim to domestic violence.

The term of domestic violence now recognizes the fact the victims can be:

  • Children
  • Cohabitants
  • Dating, intimate or sexual partners
  • Family member
  • Spouses

This shows that anyone can become a victim of domestic violence. No matter how rich or prominent someone is in society, they too can become victims of domestic violence.

What Are The Typical Effects Of Domestic Violence?

The abuse might have occurred years ago, but you can never expect victims to recover quickly. No matter how hard they try and how many treatments they sign themselves up for, forgetting a horrifying experience of abuse of any kind will never come easy.

And some forms of abuse, especially severe and grave ones, can haunt a victim for the rest of his/her life. There are a lot of effects of domestic violence to victims. Some of these are as follows:

 Physical effects of domestic violence include:

  • Bruises
  • Changes in sleeping and eating patterns
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Involuntary shaking
  • Red or purple marks on the neck
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Sprained or broken wrists

Mental effects of domestic violence include:

  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Depression and prolonged sadness
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder which can include flashbacks, severe anxiety, nightmares and uncontrollable thoughts
  • Questioning sense of self and lowered self-esteem
  • Suicidal thoughts and attempts

Spiritual and emotional effects of domestic violence include:

  • Discouraged feelings about the future
  • Feeling unworthy
  • Hopelessness
  • Inability to trust
  • General lack of motivation

To conclude

Just because domestic violence, fortunately, doesn’t happen to you, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t pay heed to this kind of information.

On the contrary, you should be acquainted with these issues so if you’re faced with unfamiliar situations, you’d be able to determine if it’s considered domestic violence and you’d know what to do accordingly.

You can also help other people once you’re equipped with this knowledge and realize that domestic violence is a human rights violation that can impact anyone.

Author Bio:

Jean Clark is a professional writer and loves anything to do with law in business or in the public. She is family oriented, and she loves spending her free time with her family.

DIY Eco-Friendly Carpet Cleaning: How To Green Clean Your Carpets

Carpets are great for giving your home that ultrachic look. Once installed, it becomes one of the most important aspects of your home decor. However, you’ll need to take good care of it to maintain its original pristine condition and protect your investment.

Regularly cleaning your carpet prolongs its life by keeping dust and stain from building up in between its fibres. It’s important to clean it every few weeks and more often for those in areas of heavy traffic. Having them cleaned by an expert, however, can be quite costly — but it doesn’t have to be.

You can actually rid your carpet of dirt and stains yourself without having to spend a fortune or use harmful chemicals that are not safe for your pets and children. Just follow the four easy steps below to thoroughly clean your carpets or rugs while promoting a more sustainable environment.

1. Prep the Area

Prepare the area beforehand by picking up any bigger objects, like toys or papers, that can get in the way of your cleaning. You can also take the opportunity to dust nearby areas of the house, like the furniture, windowsills, baseboards, and even your blinds, so falling dust can be cleared up in the next step.

2. Collect Dry Dirt

If it’s pet hair or dry dirt that you wish to remove from your carpet, you can simply use an eco-friendly vacuum to get it out. You should do this as part of your regular home cleaning routine.

Alternatively, you can use a lint roller for small areas with crud and crumbs, or a Squeegee for pet hair that is difficult to remove with just a vacuum cleaner. Just water the Squeegee a bit and carefully wipe the carpet like you would a window to effectively remove loose fibres, especially on short-haired carpets.

3. Scrub it Out

There may be times when the dirt or minor stain burrows deeper into the carpet and becomes a little bit harder to remove without some deep cleaning. You can resort to using a few organic cleaning ingredients at a time and scrub the area well to clear up minor stains.

For oil stains, baking soda works like magic. Apply a liberal amount of it on the stain and let it absorb the oil. Once they’ve formed a pretty dry crust, scrub the baking soda loose and vacuum the area until there’s no powder left. You’ll be left with a much lighter stain or none at all. Just don’t scrub too hard to keep the carpet from fraying.

Bodily fluids, like blood stains, can be removed with diluted hydrogen peroxide, while smelly pet pee can be treated with a dry vapour steamer that saves water, gets rid of the smell, and sanitizes your rug in the process.

In case you have peskier stains that still won’t disappear, continue on to the next few steps.

4. Use a Homemade Cleaning Solution

There may still be an unsettling stain on your carpet, but this also means the fun is about to start. The goal now is to clean your carpet or rug using only natural remedies.

Fortunately, there are highly effective carpet cleaning solutions that you can concoct using ingredients that you can find in your very own home.

Not only are they much cheaper alternatives compared to store-bought cleaners, they also allow you to take good care of your rug without harming the environment.

Here are two kinds of cleaning solutions that you can try for spot cleaning stains or for shampooing the entire carpet:

Basic Carpet Cleaning Solution

  • 1 ½ cups of water
  • ¾ cup baking soda
  • Glass container with lid
  • Clean white towel

Mix and moderately heat up the two ingredients in a pan until it foams up. Turn off the heat and let it cool for approximately 4 hours until it shrinks.

Pour out the excess water and whisk the mixture again in a bowl until you reach a consistency similar to shaving cream. Once you’re ready to clean, lightly rub the mixture onto the stain with the towel and let it sit.

Despite having very few ingredients, it’s more than enough for certain carpets that don’t need any added ingredients or fragrances.

You should be able to get visible skid marks and regular stains out—and add fluff to your carpet at the same time. Store the cream in a tight lid and use up the remaining mixture within 2 weeks for best results.

Ultimate Carpet Cleaning Solution

  • 1 teaspoon clear dishwashing liquid
  • 1 tablespoon white vinegar
  • 1 cup warm water
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1/2 tablespoon fabric softener (optional)
  • 5 drops essential oil of your choice (optional)
  • Clean white towel
  • Small spray bottle

For a more powerful solution, you can add vinegar into the mix and create carbon dioxide bubbles that will effectively make stains disappear. The clear dishwashing liquid doubles the cleaning and clarifying power while adding some fragrance to your carpet.

Add the clear dishwashing liquid into the empty spray bottle, then the vinegar, and top with warm water. Lastly, add the baking soda and quickly screw on the top of the spray bottle before the mixture fizzes and spills.

Generously spray the stained area, and then dab it with a towel. Repeat the process and incorporate some rubbing (while being careful not to spread the stain) until it is completely removed.

You should be able to see — and feel — the results following the process. Thanks to the essential oil, vinegar, and fabric softener, your living room carpet or rug should look as good as new to your guests.

However you decide to clean your carpet, it’s also important that you check its material and do a test with your chosen mixture on a discreet area beforehand.

Although these are commonly used methods and ingredients for general carpet cleaning, some of them don’t work too well for some carpet fibres and dyes. If the colour fades, try another solution.

Check with your dealer or do some careful research to find out what you shouldn’t be using for your particular rug type, colour, and quality.