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Third Eye: Feminism Through The Lens Of Fashion

Style is about a woman, who is 5’1 and wears flats to a party. ~ Sabyasachi Mukherjee

Feminism is a school of thought that focuses on gender equality and liberation, with the aim of establishing equal opportunities for woman.

When observing the feminist movement through the eye of fashion, the sentence might sound like a paradox to some. The fashion industry has been considered an industry which showcases women as objects and props.

In fact, many critics believe advocates of the feminist movement should have zero fashion sense. Elaine Showalter, the prominent American critic, and feminist, once said her love for fashion is considered a shameful secret by many people.

People have a notion that feminism is all about serious issues and objectives for women, rather than trivial matter like beauty and fashion. A feminist cannot look beautiful, because she has more important matters to deal with.

But, who decides what a feminist wants? Isn’t it the primary objective of the whole movement to give the women the right to do the things they want to do?   Isn’t judging women on their look and appearance just the opposite of what feminism holds dear?

People tend to overlook the fact that the perspective of society decides the movement of the culture. If people cannot change their attitudes, their judgment is going to affect the way women dress and look.

However, if feminists ignore the fashion and beauty industry, it is going to continue showcasing the very stereotypes feminists detest so much.

The Feminist Movement And The Influence Of Fashion

If one looks back into history, while women were fighting for suffrage in the early twentieth century, they used style as their tool of protest. The suffragists wore jewellery in green, white and violet to make a statement.

The first letter of colour G, W, V became an acronym for giving women votes. Another example of women using fashion to make a statement in a patriarchal society was seen in the 1980s. This time the women started wearing men’s clothing to get better opportunities in the socio-political sector.

These women wore tailored suits just like men, to prove their point. Their style was the replica of the male fashion. However, these clothes too had a definite feminine touch to it.

The addition of pearls and lace were incorporated into the dresses to show that women could be powerful without losing their feminine touch.

The Stereotyping Of Women

According to Dr Newman, a prominent psychoanalyst, women wearing pantsuits in the 80s were considered strong, opinioned, and hot-headed. They were viewed as feminist, and back then, it was not a compliment.

The situation has changed a bit, but women are still stereotyped. In many parts of the world, they have the freedom to wear what they want, but the judgment they endure as a result can be daunting.

For example, Hilary Clinton has received the most negative media attention for her attire. The media has continuously been obsessed with what she wears, rather than what she says.

In Asian cultures, the same judgmental attitudes exist. The stereotyping of women continues to prevail in modern times.

Fashion And Women’s Expression

Fashion, as a medium, helps women express their thoughts, ideas and identity, while the fashion industry helps women to decide what to wear.

Earlier the industry was dominated by the men who were unaware of the needs, choices, and requirements of women. However, this changed around the 1960s and 70s.

During this time, women finally started taking charge of their attire and were now buying merchandise and mixing them to create a new look. Fashion houses like Calvin Klein and Ralston took notice and started bringing out clothing lines that matched women’s needs.

A prominent fashion designer once said that the way a woman dresses up shows her thought processes and ideologies. Women with confidence and élan can carry off a bright hair colour in vibrant shades. She can dictate fashion and beauty according to her sensibilities.

In the mid 70’s when the women were slowly becoming conscious about equality and better opportunity in the professional life, they started choosing men’s wear as preferred clothing.

Calvin Klein understood this shift in preference and 1977 launched their clothing line. The clothes were based on the style of men’s clothing and used elements of menswear.

They launched jackets, shirts, and skirts in softer fabrics like cashmere, Carmeuse or thin velvets. These clothes reflected the dominant side of the women who wore them and wanted to be seen as equal to male co-workers.

Fashion With Practical Sense

In the late 70’s, Diane von Fürstenberg started her clothing line with practical and comfortable clothes. These dresses helped working women get the job done quickly.

These outfits are still fashionable among women. The suit was the combination of practicality and conservative in nature. Women looked powerful in these clothes, but never too intimidating.

Women’s clothes have always been designed to showcase the body of the wearer. Women themselves have consciously or unconsciously promoted this idea.

For example, the corset dresses worn by women in the Victorian Era. These dresses had a firm orthopaedic support, over which layers and layers of fabric were laid.

In these dresses, women could not run, had breathing difficulties and could not eat freely. These dresses were the true representative of the ideas and notions of the society in which they lived.

However, with increasing awareness of women rights and the women’s movement, these tight dresses were eliminated from a women’s closet, and in their place, more comfortable and practical clothing was restored.

Here are some of the qualities of practical clothes that attracted the attention of women:

  1. Non-interfering

The dresses were comfortable to wear and did not need any assistance in wearing them. They required a minimum amount of accessories. While wearing them, women were not expected to sport a high heels sandal or a clutch.

Such practical dresses gave women the independence to move freely. Also, these dresses were lightweight and made of natural fabric. They ensured comfort as well as style. It was for this reason that many working women took to wearing these dresses at work.

  1. Can be worn for any occasion

Modern fashions have an easy day to night transaction. Women can wear them comfortably at formal or casual events without feeling out of place.

These outfits gave women the confidence to carry out tasks they needed to. They could wear them while attending their daily chores or could team it with minimal accessories for special occasions.

  1. Suitable for the weather

Dresses such as Kurtis were ideal for the climate of the location they were work in. Women felt more comfortable in them during hot summer days or cold winter nights.

In the old days, fashion did not incorporate these ideals. It created heavy and layered dresses that were very uncomfortable to wear.

The fashion industry has helped women present their thoughts and ideologies to the world. From the days of advocating for rights to vote, to wearing power suits that helped them lay claim to equality at the professional level, fashion has been both, a women’s constant companion and a reflection of society’s mores.

Author Bio:

Harsh is the co-founder Fynd a first-of-its-kind, e-commerce fashion platform, with a live inventory of 8K plus stores catering to more than 8 million customers. He is an engineer from IIT Bombay and has 7+ years of experience in the field of Fashion Retail, Hospitality, Management Consulting and Human Resources. He is currently working on expanding Fynd’s presence on to the global radar.

Image of Noyonika Chatterji in Sabyasachi Couture by Sou Boyy – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Top Hair Care Tips For Mature Women

Whether we realise it or not, our hair is a huge part of how we look and can even affect how we feel about ourselves. Ageing is an emotional process, and as our hair changes with age, it’s easy to see why caring for it to promote healthy, strong hair for longer is so important.

From changes in colour to loss of volume, we can see a number of different changes as we age and while everything from a simple hair dye to the assistance of a hair transplant specialist can help us reverse certain changes, we should be prepared for those we can’t prevent but taking good care of healthy locks is a must regardless.

To find out more about just what age could mean for your hair, and how you can take better care of every strand, read on below.

What Does Age Do To Our Hair?

While hair loss and colour changes are fairly commonly recognised effects of ageing, there are other things that could have to face as the years pass by.

From finer strands that grow much more slowly, to changes in overall texture and a dull look, here are some of the most common, but lesser-known effects, ageing could have on our hair:

  • Hair Loss

Hair loss is a fear for many women, and while some of us could bypass the entire ageing process with a thick head of hair, it isn’t the likely outcome. Thinning hair through hair loss is common, simply because it becomes more brittle and breakable with time.

It can have us reaching for the styling equipment to try and work around the lack of volume we might be experiencing or researching the nearest hair transplant clinic if things get particularly thin on top, but you should never feel any shame in hair loss.

  • Colour Change

As much as we might try and deny it, our hair goes grey with age. Our melatonin levels reduce as we grow older, which results in colourless and lifeless hair and for some of us, this can, unfortunately, kick in early.

In the case of premature greying, it tends to be a genetic issue, however, stress, unhealthy diets, lack of sleep, illness and extreme lifestyles can also have an effect on how fast we ‘go grey’.

  • It Becomes Finer

If you were born with thick, dark hair, then your hair growing finer could show far more than if your hair was thinner from the beginning. Hair gradually begins to grow more finely, making your overall look thinner and feel lighter.

  • It Can Break Easily

As hair loses protein, it becomes more breakable as it loses strength. Keratin protein is what makes our hair able to withstand being tied up, pulled and tossed about, but as these lower, as we grow older, our hair can become much weaker and breaks much more easily.

  • Slow Growth

The growth rate of your hair, just like your growth rate overall, will slow down as you age. Due to the weakened state of the strands, it’s unlikely that you’ll be able to grow it as long as you may have once been able to and could result in thinner-looking hair.

  • It Could Change Texture

As protein and nutrient levels change, the texture of your hair could change too. Dead straight hair could start frizzing up, curly hair could go straight, and hair that was once soft without fail could become coarse and difficult to manage.

Grey hair is naturally coarser due to the lower melanin levels, so ensuring that you’re taking good care of it could make it far more manageable.

What Can We Do To Take Better Care Of It?

So, we’ve mentioned that you should be taking care of your hair a lot, but how exactly should you go about that?

Your regular haircare routine might not cut it anymore, and finding a new one could seem like you’re fighting a losing battle. However, as long as you take the following tips into account, it could be far more manageable than you think.

  • Keep It Nourished

Moisture-rich, nourished hair is always going to be easier to handle than coarse strands, but more importantly, nourished hair is healthy hair.

While regular hair treatments are recommended for easier upkeep, picking out products dedicated to replenishing moisture in your hair can be a great way to bridge the gap between appointments and keep everything in a much healthier condition.

  • Keep It Short Or Well-Trimmed

With hair that’s easily breakable or that is thinning out, keeping your hair shorter can actually make things look much thicker and much healthier. As our hair begins to deteriorate in health, it can become thin and wispy at the ends, but with regular haircuts, this can be avoided.

If you want to keep your hair longer, regular trimming can help you avoid this issue too, but make sure that you follow the rest of the steps here to ensure it stays healthy and strong.

  • Protect Weaker Hair

If your hair is naturally weak and none of the strengthening products seems to be working, it could be time to break out protective measures.

Heat-protection sprays can keep your hair from being damaged while blow drying or styling, while certain oils, mousses and moisturisers are designed especially for protecting your hair against whatever the world wants to throw at it!

  • Experiment With Styling

While it’s advisable that you avoid hairdryers, curling irons or straighteners due to the intense heat and the potential for damage, experimenting with your style could help you disguise or limit how thin your hair may look and ultimately increase your confidence.

Mild volumising serums could give a new lease of life to your hair, so you can put away the hair ties and leave it down and feel confident in how you look!

Why not try styling your hair towards your face rather than away from it? Or vice versa! Giving yourself a new look overall will not only help you improve confidence but keeping your hair moving can prevent it from going flat and stiff over time.

  • Be Careful With Colouring

Greying hair can be an uncomfortable point for anyone, and reaching for the nearest box dye is an understandable reaction. However, you need to be careful with what you put on your hair if you want to keep it strong and healthy.

Box dyes are notoriously bad for your hair, and while this often isn’t an issue for women with strong, healthy hair, as we age we need to take every care to keep our hair away from harm.

If you truly want to dye your hair to disguise the greys, opt for visiting the salon instead. They’ll have dyes that are much better for your hair, all the moisturising products that work and a much better understanding of what your hair needs to keep it in good quality.

As we age, our hair will change and coming to terms with these changes is often where we can struggle. From thinning locks to changes in colour, our overall look changes as our hair does and it can be sometimes difficult to come to terms with.

However, with the right care for your hair, you can keep it strong, healthy and easier to manage than you might think.

7 Returnship Programs For Indian Women In Tech

Are you a woman looking to return to work after taking a break? Here are the top 7 returnship programs for Indian women in tech.

Mobility, marriage, and maternity are just some of the reasons why women pause their careers in tech.

After taking these breaks, women face a hard time trying to get back to their careers further acerbating the constraints that hinder women’s professional advancement.

In return, the workforce tends to lose the diversity aspect of a vibrant and promising population. Organizations are increasingly realizing that women at work need to be constantly nurtured.

A fast-moving economy like India cannot take full advantage of the skills possessed by professional women if the women are not facilitated to return to work after taking a break.

In fact, according to an article published on Forbes and authored by Tracy Saunders, it is about time hiring trends shifted to accommodate working mothers.

In an attempt to encourage mothers and women to rejoin the labor force to fill the current talent crunch in tech, various companies have created returnship programs.

Returnee programs are emerging as a progressive way for employers to tap into the potential presented by women, while also offering women a good restart strategy.

The most notable aspect of these programs is the emergence of training and placement programs created to reignite the careers for moms going back to work.

Over the last few years, companies have begun to consider the possibility of facilitating women to get back to work as a way of reducing talent shortage that results from the untimely exit of women from the workforce.

To facilitate such programs, the Indian Government has put in place strict policies for maternity, with recent proposals being made to increase the duration of maternity leave.

While such steps are laudable, there is still need for more companies to facilitate the career progress of women in tech, so that they do not have to compromise careers for family.

This article looks at 7 return to work programs for moms at the top companies with returnship programs in India.

1. The Incredible Intuit Again Returnee Program

The Intuit internship for female returnee programs is a chance for women technologists who had been on a break to resume professional work.

The amazingly successful program not only offers a chance for the professionals to work for one of the top-ranked tech companies in India, but also offers technical and other forms of training to sharpen the candidates’ professional skills.

According to the center for women in technology, a critical aspect of returnee internships, like the one offered by Intuit, is that such reskilling programs are meant to enhance a women-friendly workplace.

In fact, such programs are characteristically geared towards professionals who are taking a second shot at their careers after taking a long break to focus on personal commitments.

As part of the talent enhancement program, returnees are allowed to work on projects, which draw on their experiences and existing skills. The Intuit internships allow employees to rebuild their skills and confidence in a supportive environment.

The company’s 6-month returnship program also offers mentoring, training, and access to cooperate networks. Such an environment gives, to moms, a chance to assess the role and see whether they would like to get back into the cooperate world.

2. Back to Work program at GHC India

For Indian women looking for a second chance to reignite their tech career, The Grace Hopper Celebration India (GHCI) conferences offer appealing job opportunities.

Through the program, returning professionals get a chance to connect with various organizations, build their skills, and reignite their self-confidence.

The GHCI back to work program also offers a chance for candidates to learn and network as they kick-start their journey back to the cooperate world. During the conference, candidates can expect:

  • Workshops that are tailored to the unique needs of participants
  • Panel discussions that feature professionals who have successfully resumed their careers
  • Great working opportunities
  • Soft and technical skills sessions

To take advantage of the opportunities, applicants are required to submit a resume to the GHCI database, even when unable to take part in the conference.

This is because top tech firms have access to the resume database and can reach out to applicants with job offers.

3. IBM Bring Her Back Program for Mid-Career Women

One of the few companies that offer comprehensive returnship programs for Indian women is IBM.

Faced with a staggering number of women in the STEM areas who leave the workforce in the middle of their career, many employers in the tech sector, including IBM have been searching for ways to bring back these talented women back to the labour force.

IBM’s tech re-entry program for mid-career women is aimed at addressing the overall skill shortages in the tech sector, while also enhancing inclusion and diversity.

Women targeted by the IBM program are typically mothers who have exited the professional scene to raise their children or in response to a workplace culture that does not permit balancing of career and family.

While these women do not intend to exit the professional scene completely, a career gap in the fast-paced tech sector can make re-entry difficult.

In the case of IBM, the re-entry program is a 12-week internship that begins with an orientation for three days, followed by chance to be placed in one of IBM workplaces.

Returnees get actual work experience, whether in programming or data analytics. The main idea here is to generate a smooth transition for returnees before they can be actively hired.

4. Rekindle with Amazon India Returnships

Another incredible tech giants internships program for women returnees is provided by Amazon India.

The Rekindle program is an initiative aimed at encouraging women who had hitherto been on a professional break to reenter the workforce. As part of the program, the firm offers focused mentoring, structured onboarding, on the job learning, and flexible work arrangement for candidates.

5. PayPal Recharge for Women Returning to Work in Tech

In an impressive attempt to bridge the gender disparity in workplace composition, PayPal in India initiated its Recharge Program in 2015, with the goal of assisting women technologists to come re-start career after a long career break.

The program, which runs for 6 weeks, seeks to eliminate the stigma in India, which comes with taking a career break to focus on family.

6. Vapasi’s ThoughtWorks Mid-Career Internships

Vapasi, which means “come back” or “return”, in Hindi, is an impressive program targeting women technologists, particularly developers.

The program, which is spread over a period of four weeks, assists returning women developers to sharpen their programming skills through object-oriented programming practices.

After going through the program, candidates are better placed to access good jobs for moms returning to the workforce.

7. Microsoft’s Springboard for Women in Tech Industry

In 2014, Microsoft India initiated its Women in Tech program, which together with the springboard program, is geared towards bringing more women into the IT industry.

The Springboard program is designed to help women on a sabbatical get back to their tech paths. The program is particularly attractive due to its flexibility, where candidates are free to choose their preferred projects.

Do Not Be Left Out, Get Qualified Candidates through Returnee Training

Organizing programs for returning professionals is fast becoming a popular hiring strategy for many companies in the tech sector.

By implementing such training as part of your human resource strategy, you not only get to encourage diversity and gender equality in your hiring processes but also get to benefit from the immense wealth of experience brought onboard by these women technologists.

About the author:

Alice Berg is a blogger and a career advisor at Skillroads career builder, who received a degree in Social Work and Applied Social Studies. Now she helps people to find their own way in life, gives career advice and guidance, helps young people to prepare for their careers. You can find Alice on Twitter.

How Mobile Apps Can Help You Run A Business With 100% Remote Customers

As the world becomes more mobile, more mobile solutions are beginning to develop which are conducive to smaller businesses.

Running an online business can be complicated and simple at the same time. Your primary focus is going to be on developing a platform that is reliable, secure, and profitable.

There are a number of ways to do this, one of the best being the design of an application or app.

Developing The Right Digital Infrastructure

Mobile devices, and their associated apps, have become a prime mover and shaker on the internet today. Cloud computing has a great number of solutions, in this regard – just consider these five cloud apps. Not only can you employ cloud applications to buff up your business, you can also design them.

When your remote clientele interacts with your online app, they may be able to purchase products or services wherever they happen to be, with a minimum of hassle. But where you’ve got to be careful is in terms of utility. If you’ve designed an app that isn’t strong enough to handle the right load, you could severely decrease your clientele.

When your remote clientele interacts with your online app, they may be able to purchase products or services wherever they happen to be, with a minimum of hassle. But where you’ve got to be careful is in terms of utility.

If you’ve designed an app that isn’t strong enough to handle the right load, you could severely decrease your clientele. If you are interested in load testing, you can find more here.

Managing your business

Also, beyond big-ticket apps, you’re sure to find some smaller solutions that can help you more cogently manage specific aspects of operations.

For example, if you can eliminate an internal infrastructural position, you’ll ultimately save money, which increases your profitability going forward. There are many free online applications that can help you process remote clientele as well as remote employees.

Check out this free time card calculator: “Simply enter your employee hours into the calculator and the total hours for payroll are automatically calculated.” Such a time-keeping solution could save you the cost of an accountant.

The Breakdown

Say, for example, you run an entertainment company that consists of you and three others—like a band. You could go online to a bespoke manufacturer that will make and ship merchandise related to your band based on demand.

So if a client wants a t-shirt with your band’s logo and tour dates, you can design one online, put a link up across your varying social media outlets, and see money come pouring in, as the third-party site sends manufacture orders to a plant which then ships them to clients.

For 50% to 75% of the cost of an item, you can generally get things manufactured in this way. Your profit will, of course, depend on what kind of demand you’ve managed to generate.

If the site you use charges Rs 100 to print and send a t-shirt, and you sell them for Rs 150, then you only make Rs 50 per t-shirt. But if you sell them for Rs 200, then you make Rs 100. And if you sell them for Rs 400, you make Rs 300.

But unless you’ve got a very popular entertainment brand, selling a T-shirt at such a high markup will be difficult. That said, you’ll be able to get away with it if your bearing is proper in the digital sense. Your marketing must be strong, and you must have a large consumer base.

One of the chief advantages of running a business which only deals with remote customers is that you can organically scale-out in a very cost-effective way, and startup costs are restricted as well as reasonable.

So what plans do you have to grow your business? And will you use mobile apps to do it?

5 Best Jobs For Women Over 40 In 2018

Are you thinking about making a career change? Maybe you never really got a solid career off the ground, or your professional life was derailed by taking time out to raise a family. Maybe you did a lot of job-hopping and it’s hurting your chances to grow in your current position.

Time for a Change

Is it possible to start over? It certainly is, as long as you’re willing to do the work, which usually means going back to school or getting vocational training.

You’ll have to leverage all the job-search tools you can, including networking, volunteering, or going to job fairs and other activities that will put you in touch with hiring managers.

After a certain age, consulting a cover letter and/or resume service site should be the first thing to think about, since you may not know very well what’s going on on the job market.

You need to show that you can do a young woman’s job or that you can do it better, depending on the position you’re considering on applying. iResumeCoverLetter is such a place, where you’re going to find cover letter and resume examples and tips on getting that particular job you desire.

A Certain Age

There’s no question that age discrimination against women is alive and well in the workplace. In fact, studies have found that this discrimination begins when women reach the advanced age of 35.

That said, there are careers that will embrace your experience and hard-won wisdom.

The Benefits You Bring

  • You’re mature and professional.

Women who are over 40 are used to dealing with stress and craziness while maintaining their poise. Many employers appreciate the level-headed maturity that older workers bring.

  • You probably don’t have small children.

Even in today’s workplace, things are not as family-friendly as we might wish. The U.S. still doesn’t have true maternity leave and employers still give a side-eye to women who need to take days off to tend to their children.

At 40, your children are likely to be older and your employer can feel confident that you won’t miss work because of daycare or babysitter problems.

  • You’re showing an ability to adapt and learn.

Employers value workers who are active, engaged and constantly updating their skills. By embarking on activities that will guide you at a new profession, you prove that you’re adaptable to change and a constant learner.

So what careers can you consider? Here are the top five.

1. Nurse

A surprising number of women go into nursing as a second career. Nursing websites and forum groups are chock-full of discussions from women graduating from nursing programs at the age of 49, 59 and even older.

The popularity of nursing as a second career has become a growing trend, as more professionals look for meaningful work.

What you’ll need: Most nurses train to become registered nurses (RN) which requires a two-year degree. Most RN programs are highly competitive. A background in science coursework will give you an edge. Some nursing schools are now offering accelerated, one-year programs for those transitioning from other careers.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for an RN is $67,490 with the top 10 percent making more than $100,000. Job growth is expected to stay strong.

2. Teacher

In a 2017 TedX Talk at the London School of Economics, Lucy Kellaway described her decision to end her 31-year career as a financial columnist to become a math teacher, at the age of 58.

While getting an education degree is the usual way to start a career in teaching, it’s no longer a necessity. Most states have alternative certification programs that allow those with college degrees of any kind to become teachers.

The federal government’s Transition to Teaching program helps states recruit and train professionals who want to switch to teaching.

What you’ll need: If you have a degree, you will still have to get your chosen state’s teaching certification. This will involve taking education courses at a community college or university.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for teachers in kindergarten and elementary school is $55,000 a year. For high school teachers, the median salary is $58,000. Teachers generally enjoy union benefits like medical insurance, paid leave, retirement plans and pensions.

3. Virtual Assistant

For those interested in pursuing their own business, becoming a virtual assistant (VA) is a great way to use your work experience. Virtual assistants provide business services to clients who need one-time, ongoing or occasional help.

As a VA, you might provide secretarial services, book travel arrangements, set up conference calls, handle complex project management or administer databases. It all depends on what your skills are and what you enjoy doing.

Being a VA allows you to work from home, on your own schedule, with the clients you choose, at the rates you set. For information about setting up your VA business, visit one of the many websites dedicated to this business, run by successful VAs who offer guidance and advice.

What you’ll need: A home office setup and good internet connection are musts. Experience as an administrative assistant, secretary or another related job will be helpful.

You can compensate lack of background by emphasizing your skills from other jobs in your presentation, as per the below. This approach is even more impressive if you’ve just graduated from a course or went through an internship. 

Salary and outlook: Because you’ll be in business for yourself, your income will be based on your own efforts.

4. IT (Information Technology) Manager

There still aren’t enough women in the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields. Women make up only 24 percent of the highly-paid STEM workforce.

And that’s unfortunate because women in this line of work out-earn their non-STEM counterparts by 35 percent. In fact, according to the U.S. Department of Commerce, women with STEM jobs also earned 40 percent more than men with non-STEM jobs.

You can break into this high-paying, secure field with a B.S. in Computer Science. You’ll also need ongoing training throughout your career, as this is a field that demands keeping pace with fast-moving innovations.

What you’ll need: The entry-level qualification for this is a B.S. in Computer Science, and you’ll need to gain some experience before becoming a manager. You’ll still be making a good salary.

Even entry-level jobs in this field pay from $47,000 a year to more than $60,000, according to recent surveys. If you are already experienced, mention details of your previous work in a cover letter. This might make you valuable compared to other applicants.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for IT managers is $135,800 per year and job growth is projected to be 12 percent, which is faster than average for most occupations.

5. Occupational Therapy Assistant

If you like a job that keeps you physically active and involved in helping others, consider becoming an occupational therapy assistant (OTA). This job will allow you to enter the well-paid, fast-growing field of occupational therapy with a two-year degree.

OTAs work in hospitals, rehabilitation centres, nursing homes and a variety of other health-related settings. You can choose to work with children, seniors, accident victims or military veterans.

What you’ll need: You must have an associate’s degree from a college accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE). Every state requires OTAs to be licensed, which means doing coursework at a school, passing an exam and completing fieldwork requirements.

Salary and outlook: The median salary for an OTA is $57,000, with top earners making over $75,000. Job growth is expected to be 28 percent, much faster than the average for all occupations.

Get Started On That Great New Career

If you’re determined to start a new career, don’t let anyone tell you it can’t. Every day, people are going back to school and lighting their own paths to a bright new future. Why not join them?

Naaree Interviews Minal Anand, Founder and CEO, GuruQ

Minal Anand is a young enthusiastic millennial entrepreneur and the founder of her first venture, GuruQ, a unique digital integrated platform that connects tutors and students with ease.

As Founder and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) she is the innovator at GuruQ, an ed-tech platform that promises to bring high-quality standards and new age methodologies to the way education is delivered in India.

She completed her degree at Boston University in three years instead of the designated four with a sparkling alacrity to join the professional world where she could apply theories to real-life situations. She returned to India to join Delhi-based HPL Additives as Assistant Manager – Corporate Development.

However, the urge to do something in the field of education drove Minal to explore the Ed-tech sector – one of India’s most prolific segments. She had previously taught several underprivileged school students and it is this very experience that helped her with the business idea.

Minal sees the importance of equipping tutors with the latest teaching methodologies and keeping them updated with international and national innovations. Her quest for doing something innovative made her delve deeper, understand the challenges and create a platform that would revolutionise the education system.

Hence, she conceptualized GuruQ as a single, simplified & cohesive ed-tech platform that provides online and offline tutoring and designed it based on insights drawn from comprehensive consumer research to address the need-gap for quality tutors. caught up with Minal Anand to discuss her startup and the lessons it taught her about entrepreneurship.

Please describe your startup, GuruQ. What does it offer and why is it unique?

Guru Q is an educational technology or Ed-tech company that provides customized learning solutions to students through a structured tutor-connect platform. The company lays a zealous focus on assisting tutors and equipping them with the right tools and processes to recast the focus of the test-prep industry.

The online platform offers tutor connect for primary, secondary, higher secondary, undergraduate and postgraduate courses including Gmat, Jee IIT and other entrance courses.

What sets Guru Q apart is the fact that it provides value-added services that are paybacks for tutors including seminars by reputed personalities, awards and competitions.

With the Indian Edtech market pegged at over $70 billion in 2017, Guru Q’s inimitable services have found several takers thanks to its online platform that comes equipped with a technology tool on the dashboard that is a one-stop solution allowing students to schedule classes, receive assignments and take tests.

It also allows tutors to keep a track record of the student improvements. The payment system is managed by Guru Q eschewing the need for tutors to collect fees from the students.

What inspired you to become an entrepreneur?

During my college education in the USA, I saw a dramatic difference in the education system there, vis-à-vis that in India – its quality, the predominant use of the digital platform and ground-breaking teaching methodologies.

Even back home, I witnessed a huge disparity between students who had studied abroad and those who had not. A big reason for this difference is that the educators in India are not well-equipped or well-versed in innovative teaching methods.

I realized that the need for quality education in India is palpable. Also, since many Indian parents are highly dependent on tutoring, there is a pressing need for the ubiquitous tutors who can guide students.

What are some challenges that you faced initially when you started out?

 The journey so far has been one of exploration and experimentation. This is best exemplified by the fact that just 5 months into operations and we have already begun revamping our entire digital infrastructure including the website and dashboard.

While the challenges have been across various areas such as the processes, technology, design etc. but we have overcome them all keeping only one thing in focus – the ‘Experience’ we are able to provide by integrating the various ingredients of our operations.

It has been only 5 months since its inception and GuruQ has got over 15000 tutor registrations and has certified over 1500 tutors on its platform. We just completed 500 hours of tutoring and the best is yet to come after the launch of the GuruQ Platform 2.0.

Our focus is on Delhi NCR for the 1st year but we intend to eventually cater to all major cities through a phase-wise expansion. But we have begun online tuitions Pan India since the medium transcends all boundaries.

What are all the things that an entrepreneur needs to keep in mind? i.e. apart from your great idea, what do you need to be armed with?

  1. A Good & reliable Team cause nobody can do it alone
  2. Financial backing – unfortunately this is the hard truth of life, to succeed you need some form seed capital and then continuous funding if you wish to grow your business at a rapid pace
  3. Perseverance – without hard work and the utmost dedication nobody can achieve success – there are no shortcuts in life

Did you have a mentor to guide you through your entrepreneurial journey? In your opinion, what does a mentor bring to the table?

No, I didn’t really have a mentor in particular, but I did have people that I idolized and wanted to embody starting with my father and grandfather whose sense of business and drive has always been a huge source of inspiration for me.

Furthermore, prominent female figures like Sheryl Sandberg, Indira Nooyi, Priyanka Chopra who have been trailblazers, influencers and conquered their respective industries have been an embodiment of courage, strength and perseverance proving that hard work & dedication does lead to success

How did you recruit your first team? What advice do you have for building and nurturing teams in your startup?

I recruited my employees through various HR consultancies and firms. Surprisingly in a country with a population of approx. 1.3 billion, finding and forming a team with reliable, responsible and motivated people is probably the toughest part about starting your own venture.

Therefore, my biggest piece of advice will be to not settle for the first few people you meet. It is important to fully pre-vet the people and ensure that your visions align.

Today’s youth is much more exposed and require very high levels of job satisfaction. Therefore it is vital to keep your team motivated though incentives and provide a conducive and engaging work environment.

Please describe some successes and failures you’ve experienced as an entrepreneur.

My successes are closely tied to my failures, and which is what makes me sure that the more failures I encounter the more assured I can be of future successes.

So the first success was due to my failure of choosing the wrong partner due to the lack of technical knowledge. But behind this failure was a lot of learning on what I needed to know to get the right platform developed.

The second success was due to my failure of not prioritizing my expenses. This experience made me money wise and helped me cut down on unnecessary expenses, and treat the necessary expenses as investments that have their own returns.

The third and the most critical success which is yet to come is due to my initial lack of foresight but with time, experience, constant learning and engaging with my peers in the EdTech sector, I have now developed the vision of what direction I should take GuruQ towards.

What are 3 key lessons that you have learned as an entrepreneur?

My first key lesson is that successful organizations are built on ‘people energy’ and successful entrepreneurs need to know how to find the right people for the right task-activity-job.

The second lesson is that entrepreneurs need to develop a balancing act whereby internally they should be like a student – constantly learning and evolving – while externally they should exude the self-confidence of a Maestro – inspiring and motivating everyone around.

And last but not the least, entrepreneurs should have the single-minded focus on how to provide ever increasing value to their customers. For this, it is essential that they remain in constant touch with their target audiences and develop the empathy to comprehend their ever-changing needs.


A Natural Guide To Living Through Menopause

If you are reading this (maybe even experiencing a hot flash as you read), we are sure the very last thing that you need is a definition of what menopause is!

However, if you should be in need of a definition then here goes…. Menopause is defined as a period when a woman stops menstruating due to the decrease in ovarian hormone production that happens naturally as women age.

In the US, the average age of the onset of menopause for women is 51 years and varies between the ages of  40 to 58 years, with an average age being 47.5. The menopausal journey can take a number of years and very often begins with differences in the length of the menstrual cycle.

Menopause isn’t just a single stage or sole symptom either, it is defined by a series of ‘stages’.

The 3-Stages Of Menopause


This is the early stage and the first signs are very likely to be that your periods will no longer be regular, but they will not have totally stopped. This usually occurs around the age of 47.

During this period of time, it is still possible to still get pregnant so some form of birth control is necessary if you do not want to get pregnant. Hot flashes and sleepless nights are very likely to occur during this time.


You are officially in menopause once you have not had a menstrual period for 12 months or longer. Some common symptoms that still exist during this period include hot flashes, night sweats, sleep issues, and difficulty during sex due to vaginal dryness.


This period of time starts when you get to the 12-month mark, without a period. Clinically, you will be considered as postmenopausal for the remainder of your life.

It is essential that you still maintain regular visits to your gynaecologist to have yearly PAP smear tests to ensure you remain healthy. Should unusual or unexpected bleeding occur once your periods have ceased, you should let your doctor know immediately?

Typical Symptoms During The Various Stages Of Menopause


  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Irritability


  • Foggy head
  • Forgetfulness
  • Anxiety and panic attacks


  • Losing interest in sex or pain during intercourse
  • Vaginal dryness and soreness
  • Lower sex drive


  • Hot flashes, night sweats and sweating in general
  • Racing heart
  • Headaches
  • Insomnia & trouble sleeping
  • Thinning hair and hair loss
  • Dry skin

Menopause is an inescapable reality for women as they age. There is nothing you can do to stop this natural bodily function from occurring during the ageing process but, there are definitely things that you can do to help navigate the big challenges that it brings.

Without a doubt, if you think that the menopause has arrived into your life, visit your doctor or gynaecologist as soon as you suspect menopause has started. Depending on how mean the menopause fairy decides to be, and what symptoms you display, your healthcare provider may offer prescription medication.

HRT is a preferred option by many women all over the world. However, with the evidence stacking up against it due to its unwanted side effects (such as increasing the risk of breast cancer and heart disease), many women are choosing to treat menopause symptoms in the most natural way possible to avoid nasty side effects.

Natural Menopause Remedies

Black Cohosh

Several studies have shown that the Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa L.) has shown promising results in treating early menopausal symptoms. This key ingredient has been used in traditional medicine for many years to treat the hot flashes that are so commonly seen in menopause.

This is thought to be due to the effects it has upon the 5-HTP receptors and when combined with other herbs, such as Red Clover, it also improves many of the psychological symptoms. It is important to take a quality supplement so, do your research and make sure if you invest in this helpful herb, to purchase a quality product.

Review sites are a great way to find out what is working for other people and what is out there available on the market. Check out sites like Consumer Advisors that will help you avoid products that are a total waste of money and help you find the top products for great results.

It is suggested that you take around 80 milligrams, once to twice a day. Research suggests that it could in addition help improve sleep quality and duration, and help address any hormonal imbalances that may present before or during the menopause.


Exercising will not reduce your menopause symptoms. What it will do is to help balance stress levels, boost low moods, reduce unwanted weight gain and keep your joints supple and bones strong.


The soy and phytoestrogen contained in tofu have been shown to reduce night sweats and hot flashes. Women in Japan and China are less likely to suffer from hot flashes and menopause symptoms and it is thought that is due to the high levels of tofu they consume.

Soy tofu is eaten in small amounts every day from childhood and is a fundamental part of the Asian diet. If you don’t like the taste (or lack of taste) of tofu, there are many recipes that you can add tofu to so that you won’t even notice it there.


Sage is another natural herb that can help alleviate hot flashes and night sweats. Sage is available as a tea, a herb to add to any dish or you can get it in drops. You can add it to salads if you are able to deal with its slight bitterness.

Flaxseed oil

Flaxseed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids which have been shown to reduce the symptoms of menopause. Flaxseed is high in the essential fatty acid alpha linoleic acid and is plant-based. This is great news for vegetarians and vegans too, as most rich omega-3 sources are fish based.

Omega-3 fats

Omega-3 is one of the good guys when we talk about fats for the body. It is found in a variety of deep-sea fish including fish such as salmon, mackerel, anchovies, and sardines. It contains EPA, DHA and alpha-linolenic fatty acids which are the key elements that provide the benefits. The latter is plant-based and derived from flaxseed as mentioned above. The benefits of omega-3 include:

  • Protect the heart
  • Boost cognitive energy
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Improve joint health
  • Lift depression
  • Improve sleep quality

Omega-3s have also been shown to positively benefit depression after pregnancy, menopause issues, bone problems and osteoporosis after menopause, and many other menopause symptoms in general.

Emotional Support

Don’t think that you are alone in your suffering. There are millions of women going through menopause right now, have been in the past, and will continue in the future. It is important that you speak to other women about it.

First call, your mum or other family members who have been through it and see what tips and advice they can offer. The smallest of advice can make a huge difference.

It may simply be that you start wearing pure linen instead of a man-made fibre or that taking short afternoon naps where possible is really OK and the only way to get through your day.

Menopause – A Take Home Message

When it comes to navigating your way through menopause, there really is no right or wrong way – there is only your way. Each and everyone will experience the menopause journey differently so it would figure that the way to overcome the challenging symptoms will indeed be different.

The great news is that albeit very difficult, there are things that we can do to help. Try one or all of our suggested tips and see what works for you.

Wishing you good health – always!

How Smart Digital Assistants Can Help Women Get Organized

Right from kids to old people, smart virtual assistants are getting more popular every day. An assistant helps get a lot of work done. They are super cool and very helpful, whether you are a student, a housewife or a working woman.

A recent study suggests that both genders find the female voice of smart digital assistants warmer and easier to relate to.

Women are the multitasker in the true sense of the word. Since smart virtual assistants can do a lot of things, from setting an alert to things like ordering food from a restaurant, they can become indispensable to a busy modern woman.

Today the fight to be the best smart assistant is between the top 3 tech giants – Amazon’s Alexa, Google assistant and Apple’s Siri – whose only quest is to be super efficient and be able to ease the tasks of our daily life.

All these 3 assistants are called by name upon which they get an alert and start the process to track down the best response for your unique situation and needs.

The process that goes behind the working of a smart assistant is complex, yet interesting. The very first stage is to understand if the query is a statement or a question.

If it is a question, the next stage is to figure out where the query is sent in small packets to the servers, where the algorithm analyzes the context behind the statement and executes accordingly.

The draw of a smart assistant is that it learns along the way. It keeps getting smarter with each query. Once the query is done, the response comes in the form of a voice response that gives you the information you require.

Women can use smart virtual assistants in a number of ways like setting up a reminder, book a restaurant for dinner, order takeout from your favourite food delivery service, or help you multitask.

You can even ask the smart assistant to order provisions for you if you’re running low on something in the kitchen. Amazon’s Alexa is a wonderful example of that. Since it syncs with your Amazon account, it can directly order something for you from the website.

A smart assistant can also do things like downloading an app or even calling someone. Since women may also need to take care of things like their baby or family, you can just ask your phone to remind you of certain important tasks and it shall get it done.

Check out the infographic below to compare smart digital assistants and find out which one is best for your lifestyle.

Comparing Smart Assistants – Infographic

Infographic by Techiespad

How To Improve Your Mental Health At Work

When people talk about work, they talk of perhaps jobs they have to do from nine-to-five that typically involve something they went to college for. In your case, work might be the place where you get to showcase your training to earn a living, perhaps for yourself or for your family.

Given the different natures of jobs, it’s not uncommon to hear that there are instances where some people don’t necessarily enjoy the jobs they have. Some might have jobs they take because they have to, or some have jobs to do that they don’t necessarily like and they want to pursue something else.

Regardless of the reason why you have your work, it’s important to understand how to improve your mental health at work, as your mental state can help determine your outlook towards your livelihood.

Keep in mind, however, that the tips you read below aren’t necessarily the be-all, end-all solution for your mental health needs.

A therapist and a psychiatrist are still the most qualified to be able to give you a good direction towards where you should improve when it comes to your mental health and outlook at work.

As such, do understand that it’s still better to consult with them as to what you could do to make positive improvements regarding your specific situation.

According to YouGov and Business in the Community, 60-percent of employees actually experience mental health issues in 2016 due to workplace-induced stress and anxiety.

This means maintaining your mental health in the workplace is essential not just to ensure productivity, but to also maintain a good work-life balance. Here are some tips on how to improve your mental health at work:

Get To The Source

Perhaps one of the most important aspects of improving your mental health at work is to get to the root of the problem: what exactly are your “triggers” and how can you deal with them?

When we talk of triggers, these are specific instances that trigger a negative response on your end, especially when it comes to stress, anxiety, and depression.

Knowing what these are and how to deal with them can greatly help ground yourself and find focus in what you’re doing.

  • Try to take time off to reflect on what you feel and what you think about a situation that’s stressing you out in order to get to the root of your problem. What could be contributing to what you’re feeling, and what do you think could you do to avoid these situations?
  • Triggers can take the form of things you don’t normally do, or specific tasks, such as presentations, or getting regular appointments. It can also be the lack of the things mentioned.

Disconnect When Necessary

It’s just as important to focus on yourself just as you are when you’re working. This means you have to be able to manage your time at work and off from work.

If it’s possible to request shifts or having flexible hours, try to do so and get a schedule you are most comfortable. If not, try to assess your current schedule and try to find a workaround in order to still be able to do the things you like.

  • Sometimes, things that stress you out are related to tasks you want to do within a timeframe that has yet to open up. This means studying your current schedule and trying to get opportunities to do these activities appropriately can greatly relieve you of stress.
  • At the same time, it’s just as important to respect your hours off work. If possible, try not to bring your work home and vice versa. Feel free to tell your coworkers if you’re going to be out in certain hours so you can’t be reached. Turn off your smart devices, laptops, and other gadgets that can make you think about work. Try your best to get enough sleep and exercise.

Talking Helps

Sometimes, one of the best solutions to problems about mental health in the workplace is to actually talk about it with someone, be it with a colleague you’re close with, your human resources manager, or your supervisor.

This might be able to help you help them be aware of your situation, and they might be able to find some ways to assist you with the situation.

  • This can allow you to be qualified for programs of the company related to time management, stress management, and even counselling if these programs are available.
  • These might even motivate the company to take more measures regarding mental health concerns of workers.
  • Just talking about it can be a good release as not only does it help you open up to your colleagues, but it can also help cultivate a nature of trust between you and them.

Practice Self-Care

When we say think about yourself, it doesn’t necessarily mean being selfish. However, you should be more mindful of how stress can affect your body, and how a body in duress can worsen stress.

Remember that stress has a variety of physical effects as well, which can be detrimental to your progress at home and at work.

  • This means try to get as much sleep as possible whenever you can rest. If unable, try to at least get opportunities after work to be able to unwind. Physical activity is also a good way to relieve stress, and it can help you be fit.
  • Dealing with personal injuries can also be the reason why you’re stressed from work. Regardless of why and when you’ve incurred those injuries, you should seek medical attention and legal help (if needed) right away. Injuries can worsen by the minute and you don’t want that to interfere with your career.
  • Try your best to maintain a balanced diet, as a healthy mind and body can help you be more focused at work.
  • Taking a mental health day at work is not a bad idea if the stress gets to you too much. Consider speaking to your HR person and making a specific request for this purpose.


Finding ways on how to improve your mental health at work isn’t just a matter of finding ways to love and appreciate your work, but to also find ways to maintain a good work-life balance so you don’t necessarily get burnt out or overwhelmed with changes.

Understanding these methods carefully and trying to apply them to your current work can help a great deal when it comes to improving your outlook towards work in general, and it may even motivate you to be a better performer – not just for a raise or a promotion, but because you end up liking what you do.

Author Bio: Dianna Charles is a promising young law enthusiast that hopes to bring her youthful spirit in her field. She tries to add a refreshingly modern take to topics in the legal world that people can learn from. Dianna enjoys her free time with friends and family and loves to cook for them.

Domestic Violence As A Human Rights Violation

Domestic violence has become rampant in all parts of the globe. Regardless of a person’s income, their way of life or social standing, domestic violence can still happen. And most of the time, the victims of these violent acts are children and women of all ages.

Most of the resources you’ve seen online and in print would tell you that domestic violence is a human rights violation. At the back of your mind, you still couldn’t see the connection between the two.

You know that domestic violence and human rights violations are very sensitive issues today, but you still don’t understand where and how these two subjects are related.

There are a lot of ways in which domestic violence and human rights violations are connected. When contemplating their connection, you don’t have to feel like you’re left in the dark. This article will educate you on how domestic violence is a human rights violation.

What Is Domestic Violence?

As defined by the United States Department of Justice’s Office on Violence Against Women, domestic violence involves a pattern of abusive behaviour in any type of relationship which is used by a partner to gain or maintain control over the other person in the relationship.

In a simpler sense, domestic violence is about compromising the needs of your partner just to satisfy your own. In the definition of domestic violence, different forms of abuse are included:

  1. Physical abuse:

This can include battering, punching, pulling hair, biting, hitting, shoving, burning, pinching, cutting – or just about any type of violent behaviour purposely inflicted on the victim. It’s also considered as physical abuse when someone intentionally denies someone of any medical treatment or forces alcohol or drug use on them.

  1. Sexual abuse:

This happens when an abuser forces their partner into having sexual contact or sexual behaviour without the victim’s consent.

Sexual abuse often takes the form of marital rape, physical abuse which can include forcing sex, sexually demeaning the victim and even telling sexual jokes at the victim’s expense.

  1. Emotional abuse:

This involves deflating or invalidating the victim’s sense of self-esteem and self-worth. This kind of abuse often takes the form of injuring the victim’s relationship with his/her children, name-calling, constant criticism or any act which is aimed to interfere with the victim’s abilities.

  1. Economic abuse:

This happens when the abuser tries or strives to make the victim become financially dependent and reliant on them.

Economic abusers would want total control of the victim’s financial resources, may prohibit the victim from attending school or work and withhold the victim’s access to funds. The abuser is hindering the victim to earn, spend or do anything with his/her finances.

  1. Psychological abuse:

This happens when the abuser invokes fear through intimidation, destruction of the victim’s property, threatening to physically hurt the victims and his/her children and isolating the victim from loved ones. Threatening to injure, hit or use a weapon are also forms of psychological abuse.

  1. Stalking:

This can also be considered as abuse especially because it’s done without the victim’s consent.

It’s considered stalking when the abuser is spying, harassing, watching, showing up at the victim’s school, work or home, collecting information, sending gifts, making phone calls and leaving written messages.

Generally, these acts are considered legal but any of these behaviours when done continuously or at the same time, can indicate an act of stalking.

  1. Cyberstalking:

This refers to online actions or repeated e-mailing that inflicts emotional distress to the victim over time.

There are several ways how a perpetrator can abuse the victim. Some abuse might wear off in weeks’ time, but some can leave permanent damage to the victim. And this damage can change how they think, behave and live their lives.

Why Is Domestic Violence A Human Rights Violation?

If someone would want to be employed even when they’re a single parent, they can. Nobody has the right to tell someone what to do or not to do in their own life.

In the legal context, there are five basic human rights:

  • Article 1 – Right to equality
  • Article 2 – Freedom from discrimination
  • Article 3 – Right to life, liberty, and personal security
  • Article 4 – Freedom from slavery
  • Article 5 – Freedom from torture and degrading treatment

Everyone has the privilege of exercising these rights from the moment they’re born.

But once domestic violence takes over their lives, an individual can no longer exercise these rights.  The abuser prevents the victim from exercising their human rights.

Aside from violating the five most basic human rights, domestic violence also tends to violate the following:

  • A child or a young person’s right to leisure and play
  • Freedom of expression and the right to hold opinions without interference
  • The highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
  • The right to decent work
  • The right to education
  • The right to life

Who Can Be The Victims Of Domestic Violence?

Before, domestic violence was referred to as wife abuse because women were mostly the victims.

As time passed, this term was abandoned when the definition of domestic violence was changed because wives are not the only people who can fall victim to domestic violence.

The term of domestic violence now recognizes the fact the victims can be:

  • Children
  • Cohabitants
  • Dating, intimate or sexual partners
  • Family member
  • Spouses

This shows that anyone can become a victim of domestic violence. No matter how rich or prominent someone is in society, they too can become victims of domestic violence.

What Are The Typical Effects Of Domestic Violence?

The abuse might have occurred years ago, but you can never expect victims to recover quickly. No matter how hard they try and how many treatments they sign themselves up for, forgetting a horrifying experience of abuse of any kind will never come easy.

And some forms of abuse, especially severe and grave ones, can haunt a victim for the rest of his/her life. There are a lot of effects of domestic violence to victims. Some of these are as follows:

 Physical effects of domestic violence include:

  • Bruises
  • Changes in sleeping and eating patterns
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Involuntary shaking
  • Red or purple marks on the neck
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Sprained or broken wrists

Mental effects of domestic violence include:

  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Depression and prolonged sadness
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder which can include flashbacks, severe anxiety, nightmares and uncontrollable thoughts
  • Questioning sense of self and lowered self-esteem
  • Suicidal thoughts and attempts

Spiritual and emotional effects of domestic violence include:

  • Discouraged feelings about the future
  • Feeling unworthy
  • Hopelessness
  • Inability to trust
  • General lack of motivation

To conclude

Just because domestic violence, fortunately, doesn’t happen to you, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t pay heed to this kind of information.

On the contrary, you should be acquainted with these issues so if you’re faced with unfamiliar situations, you’d be able to determine if it’s considered domestic violence and you’d know what to do accordingly.

You can also help other people once you’re equipped with this knowledge and realize that domestic violence is a human rights violation that can impact anyone.

Author Bio:

Jean Clark is a professional writer and loves anything to do with law in business or in the public. She is family oriented, and she loves spending her free time with her family.